Classrooms Day 2
Proper Utilization of After Action Reviews
Very few fires and emergency incidents go perfectly, some even have poor outcomes that injure or kill firefighters. Many after incident critiques become a blame game that causes distrust and disharmony. Using an objective and proven process to review the incidents help not only correct problems, but even
improves future performance. Conducting an after-action review, or debrief, enables crew members to analyze what happened, why it happened during an incident, and what improvements can be made. It also provides department leaders suggestions for change, if necessary. After-action reviews in the formal
sense were originally developed by the military and all effective leaders have used them as they support a culture of accountability. AAR debriefs can be structured and formal (appropriate after a large complex event) or informal, run by a company officer for a quick review. This program will also discuss how integrating the “Just Culture” concept can benefit the AAR process. This program will provide a proven and consistent process to conduct an After Action Review to reduce errors and improve performance in a structured manner - 90-minute Program The AAR is: A tool to reduce critical errors, A tool to improve performance, A tool to increase proficiency and confidence, A positive meeting that may at
times focus on negative aspects of an event BUT, a good leader conducts it in a positive way.
The AAR is not: A critique or lecture, A gripe session, A tool to embarrass, A tool to compare or judge, A means to blame. The AAR must have: Honest and professional dialogue, A focus on the result(s) of an event, ENDSTATE: A plan to fix problems The benefits of using this process are: It’s a proven process, This process emphasizes correcting the problem, not the person. What process was inadequate
It provides a consistent process for all who use it., The goal of the process is for continuous improvement, It’s a tool that allows incidents to be learning opportunities for others., There are online resources that can be shared to make it easier to conduct an AAR, It can be used on any type of incident, by any
Anthony Correia has 44 years of fire & emergency service. He has has responded to, led and taught extrication for 35 years. It includes responding to 150+ extrications & complex roadway incidents. He rose through the ranks to emergency service leadership positions. He participated on the IFSTA “Principles Of Extrication” material review committee. Presented an Extrication program at FDIC2016. Presented at MAFFC2017 & 2019. He is an active Extrication Instructor with OnScene Training Associates & Roadway Rescue, NREMT-PHTLS Instructor. Helped develop, organize & present at the - DVRPC Regional Extrication Symposium March 2021. He retired as Director of the Burlington Township NJ Fire Dept. and was Fire Chief in Warrensburg MO. He is an active paramedic/firefighter; member Bucks Co. USAR. Active in local, state and national organizations including BucksCo. Highway Incident Management Team. Liaison for ResponderSafety. He is an instructor in various emergency services disciplines. He is an Executive Fire Officer Program graduate. Presented at the following: FDIC 2016, 2018 & 2019. NVFC Training Summit 2019, IAFC’s Eastern Division Conference in 2019. ISFSI Conference 2017, FireHouse Expo - 2015, First Crew Resource Management Conference - 2015. Has published several articles in Emergency Services journals.